Leash Shortboard or Longboard
Surfing is an individual sport where competitors use a board to ride on top of ocean waves. Surfing is a surface water sport in which surfers travel along the face of a breaking wave using a surfboard. There are two major subdivisions within contemporary surfing reflected in differences in surfboard design and riding style of longboards and shortboards.
The art of surfing was first observed by Europeans in 1767, by the crew members of the Dolphin at Tahiti. Later, Lieutenant James King, wrote about the art when completing the journals of Captain James Cook upon Cook's death in 1779. Surfing was a central part of ancient Polynesian culture. The chief was the most skilled wave rider in the community with the best board made from the best tree. The ruling class had the best beaches and the best boards, and while commoners were not allowed on the same beaches, they could gain prestige by their ability to ride the surf on their extremely heavy boards. When missionaries from Scotland and Germany arrived in 1821, they forbade or discouraged many Polynesian traditions and cultural practices, including, on Hawaii, leisure sports such as surfing and holua sledding. By the 20th century, surfing, along with other traditional practices, had all but disappeared. Only a small number of Hawaiians continued to practice the sport and the art of crafting boards. Around the beginning of the 20th century, Hawaiians living close to Waikiki began to revive surfing, and soon re-established surfing as a sport. Duke Kahanamoku, "Ambassador of Aloha," Olympic medalist, and avid waterman, helped expose surfing to the world.