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Equipment

Various weapons ranging from spears to the chicken-saber sickle

Rules

This is a non-competitive martial art.

Description

Xingyiquan is a Chinese form of martial arts characterized by bursts of power intended to overwhelm the opponent, while simultaneously attacking and defending. It is one of the major internal forms of martial arts. Xingyiquan translates to "form/intention boxing" and is characterized by aggressive and linear movements. Efficiency and economy of movement are trademarks of this style of martial arts, and its philosophy advocates simultaneous attack and defense. The style is derived from the twelve animal forms and five classical Chinese elements that form the different states of combat.

History

The exact origins of Xingyiquan are unknown. The first written record of the style dates back to the 18th century with Ma Xueli and Dai Longbang. However, there are numerous legends that date the origins of this style to as far back as the Liang Dynasty in the 6th century. Although written records show the style existed in the 18th century, it was not popularized until the 19th century and at that point remained mostly in northern China. Since then, Xingyiquan has been taught to Chinese infantry during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Some elements of Xingyiquan have spread in the competitive sport of Wushu, and there is currently no governing body for the style.