Various long and short weapons.
Forms competitions have time limits ranging from as short as 20 seconds to as long as five minutes. Single, duel, and group events are held, and events are broken down into three categories: barehanded, short weapons, long weapons. Taolu competitions are scored by judges using a point system.
Wushu is a competitive form of Chinese martial arts. Competitors are judged on standard martial art maneuvers and given points. Form, technique and level of difficulty are considered when awarding points. Wushu is comprised of two separate disciplines: taolu (forms) and sanda (sparring). It is therefore both a performance exhibition and a full-contact sport. The taolu exhibition showcase basic movements like stances, kicks, punches, throws, jumps, balances, and sweeps. Sanda competitions resemble kickboxing and Muay Thai, but incorporates more grappling techniques. The two competitions are often held in tandem.
Wushu was created in 1949 in China as a way to nationalize the practice of various traditional Chinese martial arts. In 1958, the Chinese government created the All-China Wushu Association as a means to regulate all martial arts training. At this time, a system was established that outlined standard forms, teaching curriculum, and instructor grading. Wushu was introduced and mandated in high schools and universities. In 1998, the State Sports Commission was disbanded in an attempt to de-politicize organized sports in the country.