Squash

Equipment

Eye Protection Racket Squash Ball

Rules

A player starts the first rally by electing to serve from either the left or right service box. For a legal serve, one of the server's feet must be in that box and, after being struck by the racket, the ball must strike the front wall above the service line and below the out line and land in the opposite quarter court, unless volleyed by the receiver. The players then take turns hitting the ball against the front wall (referred to as "rallying"). The ball may be volleyed (hit whilst still in the air) or hit after its first bounce and before the second. To be considered good, the ball must reach the front wall below the "out" line and above the "board" or "tin" before touching the floor. A ball landing on either the out line or the line above the tin, contrary to tennis, is considered to be out. The ball may also be struck against any of the other three walls before reaching the front wall. The rally continues until a player is unable to return his or her opponent's shot or makes a mistake or a "let" or "stroke" is awarded by the referee for interference. Games are usually played to 9 points (alternatively, the receiver may opt to call "set two" and play to 10 when the score first reaches 8-8). Competition matches are usually played to "best-of-five" (i.e., the player to win the most out of 5 games).

Description

Squash is an individual or pairs game where players use a racquet to hit a small rubber ball around a four-walled court. Squash is a racket sport played by two to four players with standard rackets in a four-walled court with a small hollow rubber ball. It is a fast-paced and high-impact sport. The sport was formerly known as squash rackets, and is named after the hollow, squashable ball used in games.

History

The game of squash was developed based on other preexisting racket sports, especially rackets and fives, a set of sports played predominantly by boarders at British independent schools. Squash itself was developed at London's Harrow School in the early 19th century, when the boys noted that puncturing a rackets' ball caused it to squash when hitting the wall, allowing a greater variety of shots. By the end of the century it had spread to Britain's other private schools as well as Oxford and Cambridge universities. In 1908 a squash sub-committee of the Tennis and Rackets Association was formed to regulate the sport, followed in 1928 by the British Squash Rackets Association. Squash players and associations have lobbied for many years for the sport to be accepted into the Olympic Games, with no success to date.