Chips Dealer button Playing cards
Holdem is normally played using small and big blind bets - forced bets by two players. A dealer button is used to represent the player in the dealer position; the dealer button rotates clockwise after each hand, changing the position of the dealer and blinds. Play begins with each player being dealt two cards face down. The hand begins with a "pre-flop" betting round, beginning with the player to the left of the big blind (or the player to the left of the dealer, if no blinds are used) and continuing clockwise. A round of betting continues until every player has either folded, or matched the amount put in by all other active players. After the pre-flop betting round, assuming there remain at least two players taking part in the hand, the dealer deals a flop, three face-up community cards. The flop is followed by a second betting round. This and all subsequent betting rounds begin with the player to the dealer's left and continue clockwise. After the flop betting round ends, a single community card (called the turn or fourth street) is dealt, followed by a third betting round. A final single community card (called the river or fifth street) is then dealt, followed by a fourth betting round and the showdown, if necessary. If a player bets and all other players fold, then the remaining player is awarded the pot and is not required to show his hole cards. If two or more players remain after the final betting round, a showdown occurs. On the showdown, each player plays the best five-card poker hand he can make from the seven cards comprising his two hole cards and the five community cards. A player may use both of his own two hole cards, only one, or none at all, to form his final five-card hand. If the five community cards form the player's best hand, then the player is said to be playing the board and can only hope to split the pot, since each other player can also use the same five cards to construct the same hand. If the best hand is shared by more than one player, then the pot is split equally among them, with any extra chips going to the first players after the button in clockwise order. It is common for players to have closely-valued, but not identically ranked hands.
Texas Holdem Poker is a form of poker where players attempt to create the best hand by using two dealt cards and any combination of the five community cards. The community cards can be used by anyone at the table in order to form the best hand. Texas Holdem is the most popular form of poker played in North America and Europe. Holdem is a community card game where each player may use any combination of the five community cards and the player's own two hole cards to make a poker hand, in contrast to poker variants like stud or draw where each player holds a separate individual hand.
Not much is known on the actual creation of Texas holdem, however, the Texas State Legislature has officially recognized Robstown, Texas as its birthplace in the early 1900s. After the game had spread through Texas it arrived in Las Vegas in 1967 via a group of Texan gamblers. In 1969, Tom Moore added the first ever poker tournament to the Second Annual Gambling Fraternity Convention, later renamed the World Series of Poker; a year later, the main event of the tournament became a no-limit Texas Holdem game. The game began to spread outside of Las Vegas in the 1980s, reaching into California. However, the 21st century saw an explosion in popularity of the game greatly facilitated by Holdem tournaments being televised on national television.