Horse Rope Steer
The header must rope the steer with one of three legal catches: clean horn catch (around both horns), a neck catch (around the neck) or a half-head catch (around the neck and one horn). The header then takes a dally, that is a couple of wraps of the rope around the horn of the saddle. Once the header has made the dally, he will turn his horse, usually to the left, and the steer will follow, still running. The heeler waits until the header has turned the steer. When he or she has a clear way, he throws a loop of rope under the running steer's hind legs and catches them. As soon as the heeler also dallies tight, the header turns his horse to directly face the steer and heeler. Both horses back up slightly to stretch out the steer's hind legs, immobilizing the animal. As soon as the steer is stretched out, an official waves a flag and the time is taken. The steer is released and trots off. There is a 5 second penalty for roping only one hind leg and a 10 second penalty for breaking the barrier.
Team Roping is a rodeo sport where two mounted riders chase a steer with the intention of restraining it. The lead rider ropes the steer's neck, while the second rider ropes the steer's back legs. The team with the quickest time of completion is the winner. Team roping is a rodeo event involving a steer and two mounted cowboys or cowgirls. The first cowboy, referred to as the header, ropes the front of the steer then the second cowboy, known as the heeler, ropes the steer by its hind feet. Team roping is the only rodeo event where men and women compete equally. A successful professional-level team takes between 4 and 12 seconds to stretch the steer, depending on the length of the arena.
The origins of team roping can be attributed to working cowboys at ranches who developed this technique as a way to capture and restrain a grown animal.