Special Olympics Speed Skating

Equipment

Arrow(s) Bow Target

Rules

Target distances vary depending on whether a competition is held indoors or outdoors. Indoors, targets are placed at a distance of 18 and 25 meters. Outdoors, distances range from 30 to 90 meters. Competition is divided into "ends", with 3 arrows per end for indoor competitions and 6 arrows per end for outdoor competitions. After each end, competitors retrieve their arrows from the targets and record their scores. Standard targets are marked with 10 concentric rings, which carry values of 1 to 10 points. Point values increase as the size of the circles decrease.

Description

Target Archery is a sport where archers shoot at a target marked with evenly spaced concentric rings. The target is typically set at a specific distance from the archer. The most popular form of archery, target archery is the shooting of non-moving, circular targets placed at varying distances. Competitions are held both indoors and outdoors, with varying sets of rules.

History

Archery, dating back to the Paleolithic era was/is practiced by many cultured throughout the world. As civilization progressed, archery evolved from a method of hunting animals, into a useful tool of warfare. When guns became prevalent in the early 17th century the practice of archery became nearly nonexistent, only being used by societies where guns weren't yet available. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries archery was revived as a sporting venture in Europe and North America. Target archery quickly became the most popular form in the world due to it's natural simplicity. It was an Olympic event from 1900 to 1920, but was dropped due to a lack of a governing body that could standardize rules. In response, the International Archery Federation (FITA) was created in the 1930's. In 1972 target archery was re-introduced to the Olympics, and has been a popular event since.