Special Olympics Soccer



According to Shuai Jiao rules, punching, kicking and locking skills are not permitted, and if any part of the body other than a competitor?s feet touch the ground, that competitor loses the match.


Shuai Jiao Wrestling is a Chinese form of wrestling where opponents try to throw each other to the ground. Competitors may only use throws to take down an opponent. Shuai jiao is the modern Chinese term for wrestling. In a Western context, the term refers specifically to Chinese and Mongolian styles of wrestling that have a long history and have undergone several changes in both name and form. The words shuai jiao roughly translate to "to throw to the ground through wrestling with legs." It is a special fighting system which teaches practitioners how to set up a trip and throw an opponent down. Also considered a sport, Shuai Jiao can be used for purposes of either performance or competition and is governed by a set of rules to determine what constitutes a well-executed performance or a win.


The earliest Chinese term for wrestling refers to an ancient sport in which contestants wore horned headgear with which they attempted to butt their opponents. Legend states that "jiao di" was used in 2697 BC by the Yellow Emperor's army to gore the soldiers of a rebel army led by Chi You. In later times, young people would play a similar game, emulating the contests of domestic cattle, without the headgear. Jiao di has been described as an originating source of wrestling and latter forms of martial arts in. Jiao li was a grappling martial art that was developed in the Zhou Dynasty (between the twelfth and third century BCE). An official part of Zhou military's training program under the order of the king, jiao li is generally considered to be the oldest existing Chinese martial art and is among the oldest systematic martial arts in the world. Jiao li eventually became a public sport in the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BCE), held for court amusement as well as for recruiting the best fighters. Competitors wrestled each other on a raised platform called a "leitai" for the potential reward of being hired as a bodyguard to the emperor or a martial arts instructor for the Imperial Military. Some contests would last a week or so, with over a thousand participants. Jiao li was taught to soldiers in China over many centuries and its popularity among the Manchu military guaranteed its influence on later Chinese martial arts through the end of the Qing dynasty. The term "shuai jiao" was chosen by the Central Guoshu Academy of Nanjing in 1928 when competition rules were standardized. Today, shuai jiao is popular with the Mongols, where it is called "b?hke," who hold competitions regularly during cultural events. The art continues to be taught in the police and military academies of China.