Special Olympics Snow Boarding

Equipment

Bit Bridle Crop English Saddle Fences Helmet Horse Martingale Saddle Pad Spurs Wraps

Rules

Riders and their horses must navigate an obstacle-filled course. Obstacles consist of different combinations of fences and water. Penalties are awarded for several different infractions that can occur during a ride. These can include refusals, knockdowns (of fences) and taking too long to complete the course. Each penalty results in the assessment of faults. The rider with the fewest amount of faults at the end of competition is the winner. If riders are tied, a jump-off is held on a shortened, more difficult course.

Description

Show jumping, also known as stadium jumping or jumpers, is a member of a family of English riding equestrian events that also includes dressage, eventing, hunters and equitation. Show jumping is an equestrian sport originating in England. Riders and horses are given an obstacle-filled course, consisting of multiple set-ups of fences and water. Bringing down fences, taking too long or landing in water all result in faults. The rider with the fewest faults at the end of competition is the winner.

History

Show jumping came about in the 18th century as a direct result of the English Inclosure Acts, which brought fencing and boundaries to the English countryside. These laws made it necessary for fox hunters to train their horses to jump. Shows demonstrating jumping were soon held in France, and later in Ireland and England. By 1900, most equestrian shows featured jumping, known at the time as lepping. In 1912, show jumping was featured in the summer Olympic Games, where it remains a popular event. In 1923, the British Show Jumping Association (BSJA) was established and judging rules were standardized. Today show jumping is a staple of equestrian competitions, and is practiced in many countries around the world.