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Courses consist of a straight downhill trail with a slope somewhere between 28 and 32 degrees. Two starting gates are placed at the top of the course. Moguls are usually spaced about 3.5 meters apart. Two kickers are placed at least 50 meters from the top and bottom of the hill. Control gates are placed in the center of the trail. Races can be against another skier or against the clock. At the end of each skiers' attempt, a panel of seven judges issue scores based on turns, air and speed. Turns count for 50% of the score, while air and speed each count for 25%. The skier with the highest score at the end of competition is the winner.
Mogul Skiing is a style of skiing where the participant passes, in short-radius turns, between moguls (bumps or mounds of hard snow). Mogul skiing is a type of skiing that falls into the freestyle category. It's characterized by the many bumps on the trail that skiers must navigate around. Skiers are judged on how fast they get down the hill and how well they execute required turns and jumps. The skier with the highest score at the end of competition is the winner.
The first competition involving mogul skiing was held in 1971. It debuted in the Winter Olympic games in 1988 as a demonstration sport, then as an official medal event in 1992. Today mogul skiing is one of the most popular forms of freestyle skiing, and is practiced in most all skiing areas.