Bait Hook Line Lure Reel Rod
Sport fishing competitions involve individuals if the fishing occurs from land, and usually teams if conducted from boats, as well as a specified time and area from which to catch fish. A score is awarded for each fish caught. The points awarded depend on the fish's weight and species. Occasionally a score is divided by the strength of the fishing line used, yielding more points to those who use thinner, weaker line. In tag and release competitions, a flat score is awarded per fish species caught, divided by the line strength. Usually sport fishing competitions award a prize to the boat or team with the most points earned.
Sport Fishing is a type of fishing in which the participant's primary goals are not food or finance, but rather challenge and adventure. Sport fishing is a type of fishing done more for competition and adventure than it is for recreation or subsidence. Sport fishing methods vary according to the area being fished, the species being targeted, the personal strategies of the angler, and the resources available, ranging from the aristocratic art of fly fishing, ostensibly invented in Great Britain, to the high-tech methods used to chase marlin and tuna. In virtually every case, however, the fishing is done with hook, line, rod and reel rather than with nets or other aids.
The earliest English essay on sport fishing, Treatyse of Fyshynge wyth the Angle, was published in 1496 and written by Dame Juliana Berners, the prioress of the Benedictine Sopwell Nunnery. It was featured in a book on hawking, hunting, and heraldry. During the 16th century, the essay became popular and was reprinted many times. The essay includes detailed information on fishing waters, the construction of rods and lines, and the use of natural bait and artificial flies. At this point, sport fishing took off. In 1633, Izaak Walton wrote The Compleat Angler, or Contemplative Man's Recreation. This is seen by many as the definitive work in defining the sport fisherman.