There may be anywhere from two to four to eight players on a team. Each player is given two balls. Each player must then take turns rolling (lagging) the ball toward the pallina ball (also known as the jack, cue, beebee etc.), which has already been thrown onto the field. The players are given points for the balls rolled closest to the pallina ball. Players may also throw on the fly (volo), striking the ball to move the point ball. Balls, including the pallina, may also be displaced by the balls of other players.


Special Olympics Bocce is bocce played by competitors with physical or mental disabilities. Special Olympics bocce is a form of bocce meant for athletes with physical or mental disabilities. As in all Special Olympics sports, athletes are grouped in competition divisions according to ability level, age and gender.


Bocce is one of Special Olympics' newer sports, having been introduced at the World Games level for the first time in 1995. The 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games hosted 180 bocce athletes from 39 Special Olympics programs. As of the 2005 Special Olympics Athlete Participation Report, 90,884 Special Olympics athletes compete in bocce.