Five players on each team advance the ball up the court by either passing or dribbling. A player cannot move with the ball without dribbling. Excessive contact is not allowed, and when made, results in a foul. Players are allowed to commit a limited number of fouls, but if that limit is exceeded the player is removed from the game.
Special Olympics Basketball is basketball played by competitors with physical or mental disabilities. Special Olympics basketball is a form of competitive basketball meant for athletes with physical or mental disabilities. Teams seamlessly alternate between defending and scoring, to create a fluid, easy to learn and easy to play game. As in all Special Olympics sports, athletes are grouped in competition divisions according to ability level, age and gender.
Basketball is one of the oldest Special Olympics sports, first contested at the first Special Olympics Games in Chicago, Illinois in 1968. At the 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Dublin, Ireland, 496 Special Olympics athletes from 42 countries competed in basketball. As of the 2005 Special Olympics Athlete Participation Report, 239,782 Special Olympics athletes compete in basketball.