Gates Ski Poles Slalom Skis Slalom Skii
Rules for slalom skiing are managed internationally by the International Ski Federation. In the United States, skiing events including slalom are managed by the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association.
Slalom Skiing is an individual sport where competitors ski a downhill course while weaving between poles or flags. The competitor that completes the course quickest is the winner. Slalom skiing is an alpine skiing discipline that involves skiing between gates spaced much closer together than in Giant Slalom, Super-G, or Downhill, thereby causing quicker and shorter turns. Slalom, along with Giant Slalom, makes up the technical events in alpine ski racing and is separate from the speed events. A course is constructed by laying out a series of gates. Gates are formed by alternating pairs of red and blue poles. The skier must pass between the two poles forming the gate. Because the offsets are relatively small in slalom, skiers take a fairly direct line and often knock the poles out of the way as they pass, which is known as blocking.
The rules for the modern slalom were developed by Sir Arnold Lunn in 1922 for the British National Ski Championships, tried by the FIS in 1928, and adopted for the 1936 Winter Olympics. Under his rules, the gates were marked by pairs of flags rather than single ones, were arranged so that the racers had to use a variety of turn lengths to negotiate them, and scoring was on the basis of time alone, not time and style.