Rules vary based on type of competition.
Archery is a precision sport where an archer uses a bow to shoot arrows. Archery is the sport of accurately shooting arrows at targets from varying distances. Many different forms of competition exist, based on, among others, distance, number and type of targets.
Archery, dating back to the Paleolithic era, was/is practiced by many cultures throughout the world. As civilization progressed, archery evolved from a method of hunting animals into a useful tool of warfare. When guns became prevalent in the early 17th century the practice of archery became nearly nonexistent, only being used by societies where guns weren't yet available. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries archery was revived as a sporting venture in Europe and North America. Today, archery is practiced in countless countries throughout the world both casually and competitively. The largest governing body is the International Archery Federation (FITA), which established rules used in the Olympics.